Money Tree, Jade Plant, Elephant Food (Portulacaria afra)

Lots of tiny flowers bring lots of insects.

Common names: Money Tree, Jade Plant, Spekboom, Elephant Food Tree, Elephant Bush

Taxonomic name: Portulacaria afra

Family: Didieraceae

Uses: Food

Area of origin: South Africa

Warnings: Don’t confuse one of its common names ‘Jade Plant’ with the other Jade Plant, which is the inedible and slightly toxic Crassula ovata. It’s pretty easy to tell them apart but if in doubt, don’t eat it.

Portulacaria afra is a plant found in many gardens. It’s hard to kill and asks so little that we take it for granted as an ornamental.

It goes by many names in many places, often named the same as other plants, so it gets a bit mixed. I’ve heard it called ‘Money tree’, ‘Fortune plant’, ‘Jade plant’ , ‘Pig plant’ , ‘Porkbush’ or just ‘that thing by the gate’,

We got our two many years ago because it is supposed to bring money to homes who have it by the entrance. We got two, just to make sure. Maybe they need to be bigger before the money comes…

A favourite in many gardens
A favourite in many gardens, but did you know you can eat it?

Anyway, I’m posting about it because a lot of folks don’t know that it’s edible. The thick, green leaves have a lemon like taste and bite. They are cooling and refreshing and remind me a lot of Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) in their consistency and ability to turn to mucus in the mouth.

I wouldn’t eat too many, but they’re not bad on a salad.

Everyone knows these thick leaves.
Everyone knows these thick leaves

As I mentioned, Money trees (that’s what we call it) are pretty well indestructible. Like most succulents, they strike easily from a broken off branch, go long periods without water without batting an eyelid, they’re fire retardant and thrive in the ground or in a pot. The only thing they request is a bit of sunlight, as they grow a bit spindly without it. However, branches and small plants are often used as indoor plants.

There, an indestructible succulent that is all around us but I bet you didn’t know you could eat it!

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