Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)


 

Yarrow
Yarrow

 

Yarrow is as interesting as its botanic name ‘Achillea millefolium‘ suggests.

Achillea‘ refers to the Greek Hero, Achilles who is reputed to have used this herb on the battlefield to heal the wounds of both his soldiers and his self (though not, apparently, the one that made him famous).

‘Millefolium’ means, literally ‘thousand leaves’. If you take a look at a Yarrow plant, it will appear to have thousands of leaves, each divided to look like more leaves. There can be a bit of a difference between the leaves of varieties of Yarrow, for instance, those of the white and yellow varieties on this page, but the overall trend is there.

If you look at the flower head, you might wonder why it isn’t named ‘milleflora‘ because it seems to have thousands of flowers too.

 

White Yarrow
Each flower head is composed of lots of little flowers

 

Yarrow Flowers
We use Yarrow as an edging plant. The White variety likes to run.

 

Yarrow is a first aid herb. When you see fresh, red blood, think of Yarrow. It excels at those arterial cuts that spurt blood. Crush it up and apply the wad of crushed material directly to the wound and it will help it a lot.

Compare this to Shepherd’s Purse  which is indicated in wounds that have dark, sluggish, oozing blood.

In Germany, Yarrow is named ‘Bauchwehkraut‘ or ‘Belly Ache Weed’. It has long been indicated for gastro-intestinal complaints and digestive disorders. It is also used for menstrual problems.

Like Elder Flower tea, a couple of hot cups of Yarrow tea will kick up a sweat and help in getting rid of colds and flu. That property is called ‘Diaphoretic’ in herbalism. The same tea can help with internal bleeding (though you should see your GP about that as wel).

Another interesting use is the one that the Chinese put Yarrow too. Besides being a useful herb, dried Yarrow stalks are used when casting for the I-Ching, a form of divination.

Yarrow is also a key garden plant because some of the goodies it contains promotes the growth of microbes and affects other processes in composting positively, speeding it up and enriching the final product. I like to grow a plant or two, along with Comfrey near to our compost bin so that I can throw a few leaves in when I’m making a batch.

When you gather Yarrow from your garden, it is best to do so in the dry weather (something we’re not short of here in Australia!). That’s when the oils are at their strongest and most therapeutic.

 

Yarrow Flowers
Yellow Yarrow prefers to form clumps

 

Yarrow Leaves
The leaves on Yellow varieties are coarser than on the White

 

A note: Some people are allergic to members of the Aster or Daisy family (of which Yarrow is a part) so long term use isn’t recommended.


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