River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis)

huge red gums
Aunty Ellen Trevorrow visiting a Red Gum by our river


nesting hollows in redgums
Mature Red gums provide refuge and breeding grounds for many critters


Redgum leaves
Red Gum leaves are a source of Eucalyptus oil. It’s good for what ails you!


Family: Myrtaceae

Habitat: Riverbanks, wet areas in general

Flowering time: Summer

Ngarrindjeri name: Pee-al, Ta’art, Be-al

Kaurna name: Karra

Description and uses:

Growing along waterways, sometimes growing to enormous size, River Red gums are a vital part of Australia’s river ecology.

They stabilize riverbanks and their roots provide refuge and shelter for both aquatic and terrestrial creatures. When a Red gum reaches a certain age, limbs that fall tear large wounds in the trunk, leaving behind hollows that are the home to many birds, mammals, reptiles and insects. Boughs and even whole trees that fall into the river itself rapidly become shelters and breeding grounds for many fish and insects, and can change the nature of the water course itself.  Aboriginal folk observed all this and developed management and hunting strategies that took advantage of the nature of Red gums

River Red gums are members of the Eucalyptus genus of plants and share the Eucalyptus oil that many of reach for when we have a cold or many other illnesses. It’s a famous antibiotic and antiseptic. The Kaurna and Ngarrindjeri used Red gum leaves for steam baths as well as for a wound healing wash. The gum is used on burns and to seal cuts and small wounds.

The wood from a Red gum is famous for its beauty and durability and is still prized to this day.